Danton, Georges-Jacques


Danton, Georges-Jacques
(1753-1794)
   political figure, revolutionary
   Born in Arcis-sur-Aube, Georges-Jacques Danton was a radical but pragmatic leader of the french revolution of 1789. He began his career as a lawyer in Paris and, when the revolution began, quickly became a leader of the cordeliers club, which he helped found, and earned a reputation as a radical orator. He was also suspected (1791) at the same time of taking bribes from royalists. Elected to a minor post in Paris, Danton achieved prominence with the fall of the monarchy in August 1792. Elected to the national Convention, he served as minister of justice (August 1792) and bore a great responsibility for the September massacres. He was soon attacked, along with jean-paul marat and maximilien robespierre, by the girondins, the moderate deputies who considered him to be a dangerous radical. Danton's efforts at reconciliation with the moderate faction failed, but the issue was ended when the Girondins fell from power in June 1793. Danton, who served too as envoy to Belgium (late 1792-early 1793) had at this point become a member of the Committee of Public Safety, but as such was unsuccessful in securing an end to the war. At the same time, Robespierre was rising as the committee's central figure. Danton was caught in the factional conflicts of 1794 and was accused of treason and corruption. Seeking to end or modify the terror, he sympathized along with camille desmoulins and others with the "Indulgents." Danton's position was further undermined by the intrigue and corruption of several of his associates, including fabre d'églantin, especially in the scandal over the issue of the liquidation of the Compagnie des Indes at a loss. Danton's position in the policy of de-Christianization led Robespierre to conclude reluctantly that the government's integrity could be maintained only by removing both the extreme radicals and the Indulgents. Danton was found guilty by the Revolutionary Tribunal and executed along with most of his supporters in April 1794. He is judged both as a realist who never fully accepted the revolutionary fervor and/or an opportunist who threatened the Revolution's security.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Danton,Georges Jacques — Dan·ton (däɴ tôɴʹ), Georges Jacques. 1759 1794. French Revolutionary leader who took part in the storming of the Bastille (1789) and supported the execution of Louis XVI (1793) but was guillotined the following year for his opposition to the… …   Universalium

  • Danton, Georges (-Jacques) — (26 oct. 1759, Arcis sur Aube, Francia –5 abr. 1794, París). Líder revolucionario francés. Abogado en París antes de la Revolución francesa, fue uno de los fundadores del club de los Cordeliers (1790) y con frecuencia pronunció apasionados… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Danton, Georges (-Jacques) — born Oct. 26, 1759, Arcis sur Aube, France died April 5, 1794, Paris French revolutionary leader. A lawyer in Paris before the French Revolution, he cofounded the Cordeliers Club (1790) and frequently made impassioned speeches before both it and… …   Universalium

  • DANTON, GEORGES JACQUES —     The Titan of the Forlorn Hope of the French Revolution, born at Arcis sur Aube, of good farmer people ... a huge, brawny, black browed man, with a waste energy as of a Hercules ; an advocate by profession, esurient, but with nothing to do;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Danton, Georges Jacques — ► (1759 94) Revolucionario francés. Fue una de las figuras preeminentes de la Revolución Francesa: principal organizador de la defensa nacional, creador del Tribunal Revolucionario y del Comité de Salvación Pública …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges-Jacques Danton — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Danton et Georges Danton (homonymie). Georges Jacques Danton …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges-Jacques Danton — Georges Jacques Danton. Georges Jacques Danton (Arcis sur Aube, 26 de octubre de 1759 guillotinado en París, el 5 de abril de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georges Jacques Danton — Georges Danton Georges Jacques Danton (* 26. Oktober 1759 in Arcis sur Aube, Département Aube; † 5. April 1794 in Paris) war einer der Führer der unteren Volksschichten in der Französischen Revolution und Leiter des ersten Wohlfahrtsausschusses… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Jacques Danton — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Georges Danton (homonymie). Georges Jacques Danton …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges-Jacques Danton — (Arcis, Aube, 26 de octubre de 1759 París, 5 de abril de 1794) Político francés que jugo un papel determinante durante la Revolución francesa …   Enciclopedia Universal


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